Job Descriptions and Careers, Career and Job Opportunities, Career Search, and Career Choices and Profiles » Engineering, Science, Technology, and Social Sciences

Astrophysicist Job Description, Career as a Astrophysicist, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

astrophysicists research physics astrophysics

Education and Training: Advanced degree in astrophysics.

Salary: Median— $60,200 annually

Employment Outlook: Fair

An astronomer studying the physical components of celestial objects is known as an astrophysicist. As an academic subject, astrophysics is an amalgam of physics and astronomy. Astrophysicists study the physics of the universe along with the interactions between various objects of outer space. Subjects like electromagnetism, statistical mechanics, molecular physics, and quantum mechanics come within the purview of modern astrophysics research.

Astrophysicists can either study the theoretical aspects of space or apply their fundamental knowledge of physics to explore various occurrences in space such as dark matter, black holes, stellar evolution, super clusters, and neutron stars. They use their knowledge of physics, mathematics, and computing to investigate the formation of planets, stars, and galaxies.

Research and development is the primary focus of an astrophysicist. Basic research is conducted to gather scientific knowledge, while advanced research may lead to the development of scientific devices and research equipment.

The responsibility of astrophysicists includes analysis of data and statistics, archiving, plotting, logging, evaluating, and reporting the results of the research. They may have to coordinate data received from various satellites and telescopes, and use theoretical models to compare this data and align images. Observational astrophysicists work to maximize viewing time of different stellar events.

Education and Training Requirements

A PhD in astronomy or astrophysics from an accredited university is generally the basic academic criteria for becoming an astrophysicist. A maste’sr degree is suitable for those wishing to pursue a career in the field of applied research and development. Those with a bachelor’s degree can be employed as research assistants and technicians. The degree should, however, be preceded by a strong academic background in physics, mathematics, chemistry, and astronomy. It is also necessary to have good computer skills. In addition, good communicative and writing skills are required, since researchers must be able to prove their conclusions through well-drafted research papers.

Several colleges and universities offer degree programs in astronomy and astrophysics. These programs teach students about relativity, quantum mechanics, nuclear and particle physics, statistical mechanics, atomic and molecular physics, thermodynamics, and electromagnetism. One can also opt for laboratory courses, since these courses provide the opportunity of working with different sophisticated scientific equipment. Aspiring astrophysicists should carefully select their college or university based on its astrophysics curriculum as well as its labs and scientific equipment.

Getting the Job

The federal government, scientific research centers, and development services recruit a large number of astrophysicists. Biotechnology companies also hire senior and expert astrophysicists to work in their laboratories.

Another viable for astrophysicists option is teaching. Senior researchers can opt for faculty positions in colleges and universities. Work is also available at planetariums, since they often require astrophysicists to revise public presentations and advise on planetarium operations.

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook

Astrophysicists generally start their careers as a fellow or intern in a research institute. Modern laboratory and research techniques can be learned while assisting advanced scientists during such internship programs. Those with a post doctoral degree and relevant work experience can apply for permanent positions in government laboratories.

Career advancement in this profession is directly tied to greater levels of independence in research. Over the years, one can move onto bigger, well-funded projects. Those working in managerial positions can rise up to the position of natural science managers.

During the 2006-16 period, employment opportunities in this field are expected to increase by 7%. Those with specializations in biotechnology and nanotechnology will enjoy better job opportunities. Private firms are also expected to recruit a significant number of astrophysicists.

Working Conditions

The work schedule for an astrophysicist depends on the employment setting. Researchers may need to spend long hours at work, while those working in laboratories enjoy regular 40-hour weeks. On the other hand, astrophysicists handling ground-based telescopes doing observatory research may work at odd hours and in external settings. Observational astrophysicists may also be required to travel frequently.

Where to Go for More Information

American Astronomical Society
2000 Florida Ave., NW
Suite 400
Washington, DC 20009-1231
http://aas.org/

International Journal of Modern Physics D
http://www.worldscinet.com/ijmpd/ijmpd.shtml

National Aeronautics and Space Administration
300 E St. SW
Washington, D.C.
http://nasascience.nasa.gov/astrophysics

American Institute of Physics
College Park, Maryland 20740-3843
http://www.aip.org/

Salary, Earnings and Benefits

The average annual salary of astrophysicists in the United States is about $60,200. However, it is particularly difficult to determine how much astrophysicists earn. This is because their salaries are based on their academic qualifications, experience, geographic setting, and place of employment. For instance, the entry level salary in this profession is around $30,220. Those working in academic institutions can expect to earn $40,000 per year, while those in private industries enjoy an annual salary of $50,000. On the other hand, well-established and experienced astrophysicists have been known to earn as much as $92,430 every year.

Since astrophysicists are salaried employees, they enjoy regular benefits like sick leaves, paid vacations, medical insurance, and pension plans.

Aviation Safety Inspector Job Description, Career as a Aviation Safety Inspector, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job [next] [back] Astronomer Job Description, Career as an Astronomer, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

hello. I am ghasem kazemipour. I am 26 year's old, from Iran. I have an application from you and I need your consultation. I'd like to publish my scientific idea's in a creditable scientific organization. these are only topics.

1. the most important, my idea is about the gravitational attraction force and black hole's. this is a new understanding to describe the nature of the gravitational attraction force. I need your support to prove, what we call the gravitational attraction force, and also for unification of the different part's of physics.

why we think the gravity is a weak force. I hope, my theory answers to this question.

but black hole's have strong gravitational attraction force that we can not see themselves, because light can not escape into the black hole's but there are radiation's of masses that, are going around the black hole {in accretion disk}, so when we look at that place, we can understand, there is a black hole in that place, in space. this is the external description of this discovery, but for understanding the internal structure of black hole's we have to do experiment's on stellar explosions and also other related experiment's, in relation to my scientific theory.



the relevance of the gravitational attraction force of a mass, supermassive black hole's, the gravitational attraction force in the time of creation, {the big-bang theory}, for understanding these the relevances we have to find out, what we call the gravitational attraction force.

what causes the universe to expand? I also hope to describe expansion of universe {Dark Energy}, there is a common relevance between all laws of physics, because everything is created in a moment. this is too much important to describe everything. I personally have to meet you as soon as possible to explain before, the publication of my scientific theories.



2. in our solar system, there are asteroid belt between mars and jupiter, and kuiper belt, beyond neptune's orbit, we know one of them will collide with earth, someday, like apophis. they can destroy our civilization, or some of comet's can destroy cities, and or they can financially damage us too much. this is a global problem. but I have two plan's so that to rescue our civilization, we can eject it from its orbit, securely. not by the deep impact and not by atomic bomb. we have to use the proper procedure to succeed, we don't have to waste time because we have no insurance to live on the earth.



3. I have designed a robat to rescue injured soldier's in battle field. we can equip army by this robat to rescue damaged soldier's in the war. {I will never design something to damage human's, this is philosophy of my work. I am so interested to publish them.

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

thank you

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

720
Budhwar Peth
Pune-2

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

The information is worthful..........but i need details about universities wich give best education in feild of astrophysics

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

I AM SPONGEBOOB

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

I am an astrophysicist

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

Excellent!, this was very helpfull for mine project, it is cited:)

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

I like Cheese and Max

Vote down Vote up

about 5 years ago

i want to be an astrophysicist so bad!!!!

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

this is so great ; im a future astrophysicist

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

very helful.Thanks.

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

I am an astrophysicist

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago



Where in India is astrophysics / astronomy is coursed at 10 + level?

I observe sky through telescope.

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

Thank you for all the information. It helped me getting some idea about the subject and a career in it.

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

Nice

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

gud, it gave some confidence before going for msc. in astrophysics

Vote down Vote up

about 5 years ago

Wow, what a great help, thanks from a future astrophysicist! haha

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

thanku u very much .i am future physicist.

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

It was informative.thanks

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

This was very helpful, thank you!

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

off Ganesh Rd,
Budhwar Peth,
Pune-2,
Maharashtra,
India.

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

thank you for the information.it was really helpful

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

I am an astrophysicist

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

I am an astrophysicist

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

I am an astrophysicist

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

Dhanyawaad Stores.
off Ganesh Rd,
Budhwar Peth,
Pune-2,
Maharashtra,
India.

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

thanks a lot !Really informative.

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

h

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

hahahaha ^

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

Information about Astrophysics to do carrier in MSc Astrophysics in Rassia.

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

very useful information in here.

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

Thank you so much.But I have a question,if the employment opportunities are to increase by 7%, at what percentage are employment opportunities currently?

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

The whole article was completely useful. however, i'm still wondering 'to be or not to be'.

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

hphthihtfppppppppppppppppppp

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

I may be of young age, but your writing has helped me understand the concepts and tasks I shall take upon. I now give you thorough, and truthful THANK YOU.

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

My Bio Data

Name: Nandkishor Arvind Dhekane

Address: 541 Budhawar Peth,
Near,Kasardevi Dharmashala,
Pune: 411002.

Landline No: (020) 24457135

Mobile No: 9665036399

Date of Birth: 23/03/1974

Age: 40

E-Mail nandu185@rediffmail.com/dhekanenandkishor@yahoo.com

Qualification: (B.A.)

Computer Courses: DTP, Visual Basic, C, C++, VC++, Oracle, Core Java, html, xml, Microsoft Access, p.h.p. , c.s.s.,dhtml,cgi bin, script,jsp,vb.net, DBASE, Pascal, ASP.Net, Visual Foxpro, MySQL, JavaScript, vb script, Open Source, Introduction of C#,ADO.Net, Autherpoint.Lite

Others: Webpage Design & Development, Hardware & Networking, MS Office, Animation Paintshop, Video Editing, MSCIT & MCED Pass , e-book software Development, Graphic & Design Development, Web Designing & Development/Programming

Advance Programming Skill: [MS PowerPoint Presentation] Lotus Approach, Lotus Freelance Graphics

Special Programming Skill: Web Software Development In MS Office 2000/2003/2007/2010/xp/Mac/Linux,Open Office 3.2.org

Occupation: Home base Software Development Jobs.

Designation: Multimedia MS Office Web Software Developer

Area of Interests: Advertising & Multimedia Presentation Software Development

Experience: 6 Month's worked in Logic Enterprises as a deta entry operator from19 March to 6 September 2008. & 6 Month’s Experience in R.T.O. , as a detabase programmer.

My Software Projects: Mobile Radio, Calculator & Notepad.[My Own Software Projects].
Software: [ http://www.Windowsapplication.com ] Search Engine Application. This is my web application.

Family Particulars: I have no father, brothers, sisters. I stay with my mother.

Signeture

N.A.Dhekane



















Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

gud, it gave some confidence before going for msc. in astrophysics

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

didnt help me at all.

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

chezzzzz burgrz

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

720
Budhwar Peth
Pune-2