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Genetic Engineering Research Scientist Job Description, Career as a Genetic Engineering Research Scientist, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

scientists degree testing products

Education and Training: Doctoral degree

Salary: Median—$65,110 per year

Employment Outlook: Very good

Definition and Nature of the Work

Genetic engineering research scientists, or biotechnologists, manipulate and modify the genes, or hereditary makeup, of microorganisms, plants, and animals. They are specialists in the field of genetics and conduct research in a broad range of biological sciences including biochemistry, botany, embryology, and microbiology. They have developed techniques with numerous important applications in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and animal husbandry.

By isolating and modifying genetic material, genetic engineering research scientists have developed strains of bacteria that improve the effects of antibiotics and other useful pharmaceutical products. Clinical tests to help diagnose hereditary diseases and to circumvent infertility in humans have also been developed By isolating and modifying genetic material, genetic engineering research scientists have made medical breakthroughs concerning antibiotics, hereditary diseases, and infertility in humans.(© Rick Friedman/Corbis.) through genetic engineering. In agriculture, this technology is used to develop new crops that are more nutritious, disease-resistant, and able to flourish with less fertilizer. Genetic engineering has also been used to regulate animal breeding. In addition, other work has been directed toward the development of microorganisms that can be used to detoxify industrial waste or to provide alternate fuel sources. The U.S. Patent Office has approved many genetically engineered products including bacteria that consume oil spills and hormones that improve the milk yield of cows.

Genetic engineering research scientists are involved in researching, developing, and testing new methods and products with many potential applications. They are employed in private industry by chemical and pharmaceutical companies and firms that specialize in genetic engineering. Some work in medical facilities, colleges, or universities. Many are engaged in AIDS research.

Most genetic engineering research scientists are microbiologists. They use recombinant DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) techniques, or gene splicing, to isolate genetic material from one organism and transplant it into another.

Genetically engineered drugs, chemicals, and other products are subjected to numerous forms of laboratory testing, including pyrogen (temperature) testing, microbial limit testing, and sterility testing, among many others. Based on their findings, genetic engineering research scientists must establish protocols, or stringent product standards, for the products they develop. After their development in vitro ("under glass," or in test tubes), these products undergo extensive in vivo ("in life") testing, or testing on a representative sample of the population for which the product is intended. Frequently a biostatistician enters the test data and results into a computer system and analyzes them. After the testing is completed, the scientists must carefully review the results and prepare a comprehensive report detailing the product trials.

Education and Training Requirements

You generally need a doctoral degree in a biological science to become a genetic engineering research scientist. You should major in biology, botany, chemistry, zoology, or a related field as an undergraduate. Later, in graduate school, you may want to specialize in microbiology, genetics, embryology, biochemistry, or another specialized bioscience or medical science. It usually takes four years to earn a bachelor's degree and another one or two years to earn a master's degree. You need to go to school for an additional three or four years after receiving a bachelor's degree to obtain a doctoral degree. A few genetic engineering research scientists get both a doctor of medicine (M.D.) degree and a doctoral (Ph.D.) degree. Some colleges and universities offer undergraduate and graduate programs in genetic engineering.

Getting the Job

Your professors and college placement office may help you to find a job as a scientist specializing in genetic engineering research. Biology and genetics department notice boards may advertise summer positions for graduate students. Professional journals, newspaper classifieds, and job banks on the Internet are good sources of job openings. You can also apply directly to genetic engineering firms, chemical companies, and pharmaceutical companies. Medical schools and some research hospitals also may hire genetic engineering research scientists.

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook

Genetic engineering research scientists can become project leaders or administrators of entire research programs. The publishing of important research findings in professional journals can lead to advancement. Some genetic engineering research scientists may be able to start their own consulting firms or biotechnology laboratories.

The employment outlook for genetic engineering research scientists is very good. Interest in genetic research has rapidly increased in the past few years, with discoveries leading to the possible cures and the treatment of many diseases. Research scientists will be in high demand as more and more applications for genetic engineering are found in medicine, agriculture, and private industry.

Working Conditions

Most genetic engineering research scientists spend a large proportion of their time in clean, well-equipped laboratories. They generally work thirty-five to forty hours a week. In some cases, they may work extra hours to complete special projects.

Genetic engineering research scientists usually work as part of a team. They must be able to cooperate and communicate with other scientists in their field. They should enjoy working with precise and complex subject matter and be willing to comply with stringent cleanliness and safety standards.

Where to Go for More Information

American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering
1901 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Ste. 401
Washington, DC 20006
(202) 496-9660
http://www.aimbe.org

American Society of Human Genetics
9650 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20814-3998
(866) HUM-GENE
http://www.ashg.org

Earnings and Benefits

Earnings for genetic engineering research scientists vary depending on their education and experience. In 2004 the median salary for scientists working for scientific research and development services was $65,110. Benefits include paid holidays and vacations, health insurance, and pension plans.

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over 6 years ago

this is really usefull site.i was searching for this type of site from past 9 years.

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over 6 years ago

This has really helped me... I have wanted to work with genetics since last year, because that's when I first discovered it. Just recently I found out what a genetic engineer is and does and now I want to be one really badly. I can't wait to job shadow one this year!

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over 5 years ago

what is your opinion on gm crops like corn and tomatos

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about 6 years ago

This is what I want to do in my life! It's my dream. this has really helped me!!!

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almost 6 years ago

hey i just finished my 10 grade and 'am interest in genetics but i need to know more about the first salary i can expect any who has a proper idea about this plz help me out

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over 6 years ago

I took genetics my sophmore year and never really had a desire for it until we took "E coli" - bacteria and altered the plasmid in it to create a green glowing and antibiotic (amecillon {something like that}) resistent and i realized wow there might be something to all this i made the joke that i felt like a father cause i created a new life... in a sense

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over 8 years ago

Thanks so much for the info! This really helped me with my biology project! It has answered all of the answers of the questions I needed to know! Please make more of these to help us with all of our projects! Thanks!!!! :)

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over 8 years ago

this helped me with my project



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almost 9 years ago

I have always wanted to be a genetic engineer but never really knew what i had to do this website really helped me figure out what i needed to get done

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over 8 years ago

I don't want to die. I will live forever through genetic engineering. The cure for old age is taking too long to be developed. I don't want to wait any longer so I am taking matter into my own hands. I will find the cure myself by becoming a genetic engineer. I will live forever.

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about 6 years ago

This is what I want to do in my life! It's my dream. this has really helped me!!!

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about 6 years ago

This is what I want to do in my life! It's my dream. this has really helped me!!!

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about 6 years ago

This is what I want to do in my life! It's my dream. this has really helped me!!!

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over 7 years ago

i don't suppose anyone considered that deepa dubey might be foreign? maybe that's why his sentences have poor structure. he knows the language, just not sentence structure. no reason to be so mean. and this article was helpful, i'm considering a career in genetics, and i'm a junior in high school

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almost 9 years ago

ive loved genetics since ive been in the 4th grade since ive read jurasic park now ive read almost every 1 of his books and the field still intrests me even though im only in the 8th grade going to 9th :)

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about 5 years ago

I really wanted to be something in genetics since I was 14 year old but nobody helped me to get these information, until now. Now I'm 17 and I really want to be specialized in Genetic Engineering.
I want to tell the world to wait me, because I'm holding so much passion about this subject that everyone will wish they had the chance to be a genetic engineering

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about 6 years ago

This is what I want to do in my life! It's my dream. this has really helped me!!!

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over 7 years ago

I was wondering if anyone was looking for a human test subject for genetic testing.

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about 6 years ago

Hi,
Umm im 13 and i really want to go into genetic engineering. but i also want a job with good pay. also i dont know much about genetic engineering. can anyone explain to me in detail? as in what all jobs are in it. and also how much the starting salary and all would be. please. i would really appreciate it.

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over 5 years ago

I hope I could continue my studies at overseas universities for my fond of genetic engineering and biotechnology.It's my dream since I was five.

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almost 6 years ago

i am gratefull to u i swear that i will find out different organisms which are helpful to my nation promise

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over 1 year ago

SIEG HEIL
FUR DAS VATERLAND

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over 8 years ago

deepa might just not know english very well Aaron, and this site was very helpful, as i have been looking for a career involving microbiology, and biochemistry. im starting junior year in high school, so i decided to start lookingat college. :P

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about 9 years ago

thanks this really helped on my report ong genetic engineering

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almost 9 years ago

This is really going to help my report on any type of engineering

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almost 10 years ago

hello this is deepa dubey i am having keen interest in genetics subject i want to be a genetic engineer for this tell me about the world various genetic engineer colledges and its procedure of admission

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almost 5 years ago

this page had absolutely everything i needed for a report i was doing

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almost 5 years ago

Hi all
This an interesting and useful site. Its informative as well, well done and keep making such sites

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almost 5 years ago

Hi all
This an interesting and useful site. Its informative as well, well done and keep making such sites

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about 5 years ago

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about 5 years ago

i want to go through the field of genetics. so this was very good and helpful for me. thanks a lot.

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about 5 years ago

i want to go through the field of genetics. so this was very good and helpful for me. thanks a lot.

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over 5 years ago

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over 5 years ago

I love biology and I want to find a job in genetics. This site has been helpful to me in finding the right job for me

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about 6 years ago

This is what I want to do in my life! It's my dream. this has really helped me!!!

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almost 9 years ago

This is a very useful website.

But I have to say that Deepa Dubey guy is a complete idiot.

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about 6 years ago

This is what I want to do in my life! It's my dream. this has really helped me!!!

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over 5 years ago

hey i wanna do genetics so wl u gv m more info

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over 5 years ago

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almost 6 years ago

i am gratefull to u i swear that i will find out different organisms which are helpful to my nation promise

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almost 6 years ago

i am gratefull to u i swear that i will find out different organisms which are helpful to my nation promise

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almost 6 years ago

i am gratefull to u i swear that i will find out different organisms which are helpful to my nation promise

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over 8 years ago

TY this helped me in my project

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over 5 years ago

i want be researcher in genetics. i am in B.E.now. for that what i do after complition of my b.e.

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almost 6 years ago

Good day. Thank you this was helpful.

I would just like to add a few words of wisdom for the younger ones that commented. Big salaries is not the only thing you should consider when career hunting. If you get one hell of a salary, life will be good, but not great.

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over 8 years ago

i am very much thankful to the site as it just broadened my mind on genetic engineering . now i can take the right decision.

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over 8 years ago

This was very helpfull, you have answered all my questions!!

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over 8 years ago

thx sooo much!! i have to do a project for bio class and this rele helped i think that i mite want to go into genetics so this profession rele caught my eye. tx again!!

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over 8 years ago

hello I found this site very useful I'm in high school and the idea of genitic research has always been an intrest to me. Once again this site was very helpful!

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over 8 years ago

This is very helpful!!

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over 8 years ago

Thnx for giving info abt genetic engineering

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over 9 years ago

Hi I'm Trix,

This website really cought my eye! i have wanted to be a Genetic Engineer since I was in 5th grade now that wasn't that long ago though for I am only going into 9th grade! this website really helped me understand what i would be getting into when i chose this profession.now that I know i am more determined to continue my research yet i dont think i could find much more anywhere else. I have planned my life up to my retierment and people think I'm crazy but its never to early to think about the future!

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almost 4 years ago

im so freash you can suck my nuts

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almost 6 years ago

i am gratefull to u i swear that i will find out different organisms which are helpful to my nation promise

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almost 6 years ago

can I get to that doctoral degree having a major in chemistry engineering ?

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almost 6 years ago

i intersted too in genitics but i need some paragrah to see...

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almost 6 years ago

i didn't see this definition but i hope this must helpful f

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almost 6 years ago

I will take genetic engineering as my career. I`m passionate about it

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almost 6 years ago

this is wht I want to be........this really helped me!!!!!thanx!!!!

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almost 6 years ago

hey i just finished my 10 grade and 'am interest in genetics but i need to know more about the first salary i can expect any who has a proper idea about this plz help me out

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about 6 years ago

thanks this really helped me with my engineering

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almost 4 years ago

There's some carrots in my mailbox!

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almost 5 years ago

To all the children on here: this kind of job might have a hell of a salary, but if that's your motivator you won't survive all the coursework and certification you have to get, not to mention the actual work.



I'm graduating from HS this year and this is my dream job! But everyone, remember all the ethical issues associated with genetic engineering. Read up on it. Tough questions.

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almost 5 years ago

this page had absolutely everything i needed for a report i was doing

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about 5 years ago

Send me details after completion of genetic engineering

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about 2 years ago

This has helped me a lot and allowed me to discover exactly what it was about biochemistry, engineering, and genetics that I want to pursue as my career. Thanks so much!!!

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almost 3 years ago

iam going to study genetic engg is it has value

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over 3 years ago

After intermediate to get a seat in microbiology is eamcet marks r based

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almost 4 years ago

546565

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about 4 years ago

this really helped me on my project.

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over 4 years ago

I am interested on becoming a human test subject for genetic engineering,

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over 4 years ago

I am interested on becoming a human test subject for genetic engineering,

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over 4 years ago

I'm currently a freshman, and have been wondering about splicing for a while. After finding this site my hopes were renewed in finding a nice job of being god. If you have suggestions of what classes I need to take to become a splicing genius, Contact sonicrules1111@yahoo.com with the topic of “Splicing Career”

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over 4 years ago

Itz my ambition! Hv 2 achieve it. I wannna find a cure of disease. Hope I be a successful genetic engineer. Tq.

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almost 5 years ago

this info. helped me n made my all doubts cleared

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almost 5 years ago

this helped me on my project