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Architect Job Description, Career as an Architect, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

income architects architectural construction building

Education and Training: College plus training; license

Salary: Median—$60,300 per year

Employment Outlook: Good

Definition and Nature of the Work

Architects design, plan, and supervise the construction of buildings. They are responsible for the safety, usefulness, and aesthetics of their buildings. They must design structures that satisfy their clients' needs while conforming to the laws and regulations of the areas in which the structures will be built.

Architects work with engineers, urban planners, contractors, and landscape architects. They may work for large architectural firms, or they may be self-employed. Some architects work for engineers or builders. Others work for federal, state, or local governments. They may work on a variety of projects. Some architects specialize in certain kinds of architecture, such as designing school campuses, health facilities, shopping centers, or dwellings for urban renewal projects.

When a client hires an architect to design a building, the client and architect discuss the purpose of the building, the type of building wanted, and the budget. Then the architect inspects the building site to see what the land looks like. Sometimes the architect works with the builder to find the right piece of land for a structure. The architect has to consider what kind of design the building should have in relation to the site. The architect must also consider the climate, the surrounding buildings, and the slope of the site. Next the architect creates preliminary sketches, usually using computer-assisted design and drafting (CADD) software. These first drawings suggest the general shape and appearance of the building, the method of construction, where it will be placed on the site, and how the inside will look. The architect might have to revise the plans to meet the client's expectations.

In addition to preparing the sketches and final specifications of a building, architects oversee and approve the construction as it progresses. (Photograph by Kelly A. Quin. Thomson Gale. Reproduced by permission.)

Once the client approves these preliminary plans, the architect prepares more detailed plans, which show exactly how the structure is to be built. They indicate the dimensions and placement of each wall and window. They offer diagrams for heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning ducts and indicate the paths for plumbing pipes and electrical wiring. They include technical information, or specifications, of the materials to be used and the methods of installation. At this point, the plans go to contractors. The contractors examine the plans and submit bids on labor and material costs. When the bids are received, the client and the architect decide who will get the work. Considerations in selecting the contractor include the price submitted and the quality of past work. The contractor who is chosen uses the plans and specifications to direct the actual construction work.

Once construction begins, the architect visits the site frequently to check that the plans are being followed. The architect must also approve the materials being used. The architect checks the interior hardware and fixtures and works with the landscape planner and other workers and engineers on the building site. The architect's final duty is to decide whether the contract between the client and the contractor has been satisfied.

The amount of detail that the architects handle themselves depends on the size of their firms. In large offices, many of the smaller details are the responsibility of other staff members. Architects who work in small companies handle most of the details personally. Architects must be artists, businesspeople, organizers, planners, and coordinators. They should be aware of their clients' needs, as well as the needs of those who will use the buildings they design. They must know how to communicate their ideas and be persuasive. Architects must consider the effect their buildings will have on the natural and artificial surroundings. They must understand building codes. An extensive knowledge of design and construction coupled with creative ability is the best combination of qualities for an architect.

Education and Training Requirements

Architects must have a degree from a college of architecture and must serve an apprenticeship. In addition, all fifty states and the District of Columbia require that architects be licensed. Each jurisdiction has different requirements for admission to the licensing exam. Generally, in addition to a bachelor's degree, an applicant must have had three years of practical experience in an architect's office.

Planning for a career as an architect should start in high school. Courses in mechanical drawing, art, history, physics, and mathematics are very helpful. Part-time work in an architectural firm can be valuable. Many large companies recruit students from high school. These companies help pay the students' college tuition while the students work for them part time.

High school graduates should apply to one of the architectural colleges accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB). These schools offer five-year programs that lead to a bachelor of architecture degree. Students attend classes in engineering, architectural design, building construction, structural theory, professional administration, and graphic representation. State architectural registration boards set their own standards, so it may be possible to graduate from a program not accredited by the NAAB and still meet education requirements for licensing in some states. Some schools offer master's degrees in architecture. The length of these programs varies.

After graduation students can begin their apprenticeships with architectural firms. They start as junior drafters, most likely with the use of CADD. Sometimes they make models based on the architect's designs. As interns gain experience, their duties become more complex. They can become senior drafters, who are responsible for the details in working drawings. After working in architecture for about three years, trainees may take state licensing examinations. These tests include the theory and history of architecture, construction, engineering, design, and professional practice.

Getting the Job

A good way to enter this field is to get a part-time job in an architectural firm while attending high school or college. After college graduation, the school's placement office can provide leads on internship openings with architectural firms. Other sources of job information are professional journals, newspaper classified ads, and job banks on the Internet.

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook

Licensed architects can start their own businesses. Nearly one-fourth are self-employed. There are many possibilities for advancement in architectural firms. Architects can become supervisors and project managers. They can go into construction management and government service.

The employment outlook for architects is mixed. About 129,000 architects work in the United States. Although the growth of employment for architects is expected to increase about as fast as the average for all jobs through 2014, their workload depends on the level of activity in the construction industry, which depends on the strength of the economy as a whole. Most employment growth will be in the Sunbelt states, where population is rising, and in urban centers where old buildings need renovation. Demand for schools and health-care facilities is also expected to rise throughout the United States.

Working Conditions

Architects spend most of their time in offices that are well lighted and well ventilated. However, architects work outdoors when they visit construction sites. Many architects work standard forty-hour weeks. Very often, however, they must change their schedules to meet deadlines. They may also work nights and weekends. Self-employed architects generally work longer hours and often meet clients during the evening. Architectural work is challenging and offers a great deal of personal satisfaction.

Earnings and Benefits

Earnings for architects vary widely, depending on experience, talent, and location. The median income for all architects in 2004 was $60,300 per year. The highest ten percent of architects earned more than $99,800 per year. Graduates just starting their internships can expect to earn considerably less.

Where to Go for More Information

American Institute of Architects
1735 New York Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20006-5292
(202) 626-7300
http://www.aia.org

American Institute of Architecture Students
1735 New York Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20006
(202) 626-7472
http://www.aias.org

Society of American Registered Architects
305 E. Forty-sixth St.
New York, NY 10017
http://www.sara-national.org

National Architectural Accrediting Board
1735 New York Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20006
(202) 783-2007
http://www.naab.org

Many architectural firms offer such benefits as life and health insurance plans, profit-sharing plans, and retirement funds. Most companies provide paid holidays and vacations.

Architectural Drafter Job Description, Career as an Architectural Drafter, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job [next] [back] Heating Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic and Installer Job Description, Career as a Heating Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic and Installer, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements,

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about 6 years ago

Thankyou so mcuh for this. I'm writing a research paper for a project Lead the Way class on architecture in general and this generally covered everything and taught me a fair amount of things as well.

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almost 9 years ago

architects are awesome
and i'm 12 and i want to be one

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almost 5 years ago

Im 11 and i had to do a job description report in my typing class. This really helped me. Go architects!!!! :D

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almost 5 years ago

this helped me so much for a school project.

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almost 7 years ago

I'm 13, and for my english class we needed to research a career, and this site helped very much. It was well organized and easy to understand, while also packing in a lot of information. Thanks so much

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almost 10 years ago

False statement: Architects DO NOT supervise the construction of buildings. This is important, and has been established through case law. Contractors supervise construction. Architects perform construction administration, which does not include supervision unless that is expressly included; they are not responsible for the contractor's means, methods or schedules, nor for the safety precautions taken (or not taken) on the job site.

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over 5 years ago

I'm a senior in high school, and have had trouble trying to find something to do with my life. I've taken the Myers-Briggs test and scored as INTP. I was scrolling through suggested careers, and found architecture to be one of them. I realized that I love looking at buildings, old and new, and have always been an artist. I've never been too good at math, hated it, but geometry I found to be much easier, and considerably more fun. I was the smartest kid in my geometry class, a drastic change from the previous year of algebra. I'm sure this is something I would enjoy doing for the rest of my life, but I hesitate in case I'm wrong. Finding a good university is a problem as well, because I plan to attend college out of state.

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almost 6 years ago

im 15 years old and i want to be an architect

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about 6 years ago

this website helped me a lot

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almost 5 years ago

this helped me so much for a school project.

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over 5 years ago

You just lost it :P

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over 8 years ago

Hi I'm 11 years old and I really want 2 become an architect because it could change my whole life and when I do become an architect I want 2 build my house upside down so if any one has any information on how to get started on being an architect then please feel free to write

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about 6 years ago

this helped me out a lot, considering that one of my career options is being an architect

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almost 6 years ago

Thank you.

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over 5 years ago

An architect expresses science and art in forms that are habitable. Interests in both are a good balance for studying and becoming an architect. One of the most recent changes made in the profession is the requirement for a degree in architecture along with practical experience to qualify to take the licensing exam. I know of architects that got their license by walking into the State offices and just filling out a form! Times change. Today the exam is administered online and is not to difficult. A candidate will be tested on spacial design, as well as building codes, structures and history. A portion of the exam requires a candidate to solve problems graphically. Site design is also tested. So, while there seems to be an awful lot of things to know, a person is quick to pick it up as they are interested. Start young - 15 is a good time to make the determination. I did so in my freshman year of high school. When I finally sat for the exam in NY, I took a deep breath and looked around me..... I was sitting amongst some of the most brilliant people alive - all eager to dawned the prestigious title. Architect

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about 5 years ago

ko this is was a very helpful website to know about careers and it really have helped me in many many many ways and thanks for whoever did this website its very grateful :)

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about 6 years ago

Sandyy_h



I would definitly try STANFORD, that's where I will be going next year :D

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over 5 years ago

uu guys ROCKKKKK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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almost 9 years ago

Sorry Jake but Deborah is correct the contractors get the plan from the arctitects and if they do not follow those plans correctly it is the contractors liability for the safety and well being of the bulding. i would know because i am a attorney and i have delt with many cases regaurding this matter and only one of the cases ive studdied has the architect been held responsible for the bulding not being up to code. (did not leave proper room for disabled and wheelchair accessible code guidelines)

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over 8 years ago

Hello Everyone,

I am recently a freshmen in college at Lawrence Technological University in Southfield, MI. I am in the architecture program. I'd say to Eric, that if you want to take classes, then see if you can go back and forth between your junior and senior years of high school. As for Dilyla, I have no idea where you live, but Lawrence is a great school and has an amazing program. Hope to hear back from some of you, Zach

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over 5 years ago

hello sir,

I'm studying software engineering coming 6 months internship to attend then i am studying wed designing and development

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over 5 years ago

Architecture may be fun, but the true fun is in working at a supermarket... All of the horrible hours plus the horrible customers makes for a great environment to work in.

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about 5 years ago

but really thank for the advice.

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almost 5 years ago

hey.. my name is hannah and i recently had the idea of becoming an architect. i love geometry, art, and designing things. but my problem is- where do i go to college?! i live in Minnesota...

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over 5 years ago

hi im working on a project for school and i need to know the answer to this question:
how much money should you expect to get when you start/and how much should you expect to get after youve been working architechture for 20 years?

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over 5 years ago

Thanks for these wounderful piece. am still a student, how do i go about getting a placement in any architectural firm. Thanks and god bless.

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over 5 years ago

hello sir,

I'm studying software engineering coming 6 months internship to attend then i am studying wed designing and development

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over 5 years ago

thanks im doing a job research!!!!good info

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about 6 years ago

im super gay

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over 8 years ago

hey im dilyla and im 16 and i was wondering how you become an architect and where to find a good school for me

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about 9 years ago

sorry Deborah,

ur wrong. Architects DO supervise the construction of buildings.

How do I know?

hmm... maybe because i am one so ha.

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over 8 years ago

i am 14 and just starting out at a private school
they don't have as many classes as a public school for this field
if anybody can give me any advice on what i can do that would really help because i am really interested

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over 5 years ago

hello sir,

I'm studying software engineering coming 6 months internship to attend then i am studying wed designing and development

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over 8 years ago

Hi! I am writing a report on architecture and this site has really helped me

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about 6 years ago

I am doing a research paper and I have some questions that I can't find the answers to, What is the most common age someone would start in this career? How long does it typically last?



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over 7 years ago

I'm 16 and a senior in high school. I will begin applying fo colleges shortly but i noticed that UC's don't really offer architecture much, except for about two. I was wondering if there are any school recommendations in this field of study? That would be great and very helpful. I would prefer maybe a calstate, or any school in california in that matter. (especially southern cali) Thank you! (:

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3 months ago

Kyle Donath

Thankyou so mcuh for this. I'm writing a research paper for a project Lead the Way class on architecture in general and this generally covered everything and taught me a fair amount of things as well.

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over 8 years ago

austin



Read more: Architect Job Description, Career as an Architect, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job - StateUniversity.com http://careers.stateuniversity.com/pages/286/Architect.html#ixzz4VTMESyAK

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almost 2 years ago

i like tools

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almost 2 years ago

all yall stfu now

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almost 2 years ago

i want to be an architect and im 14.

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about 2 years ago

Okay I am 15 and I love to have a career like this looks so interesting and love all of the information gives me a lot more to know and it helps with my essay that I am right about on my career I want to be when I am older

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about 2 years ago

good article found this article very useful. http://architectsalary.net/much-architect-make

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about 3 years ago

Hey, if anyone is reading this... i am a freshmen in high school and my family is pushing me towards looking at what i want to do in my years to come... and my choise was to become eigther an Architect or an A.C. engineer and i have no clue what to do to get me there,so im asking for advise on what courses i need to take.

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over 3 years ago

pickles are good.

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about 4 years ago

Thanks

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about 4 years ago

Thanks

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about 4 years ago

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over 4 years ago

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over 4 years ago

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over 8 years ago

Hi guys thanks for this website, its helped me out alot, i left high school and got into the wrong area of university, my heart has always been on creating things and drawing, im into my third year now at university, an one day would love to get into architecture, any idea if age is a good thing or a bad thing getting into this practice?

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over 8 years ago

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about 9 years ago

hmm..im planing to become an architect how do you think this will benefit me?

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over 5 years ago

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about 6 years ago

haha

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over 5 years ago

This is so nice. It helps my mind refresh, way back when I was still a Architecture Student. This Guide is very useful and helpful.. THANK you so much. MOre power

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about 6 years ago

Hello, I'm 18 and i'm currently in college for architecture/engineering and I found this site very useful for common and future knowledge....Thanx I'll be visting this site when I graduate.

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over 5 years ago

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over 5 years ago

Thank you for this article it made my research paper very easy all the information is here i just need to cite it and need the date

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over 5 years ago

well i am 14 and im doing a career cruising paper and i thank you for helping me i might do achriture when im older

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over 5 years ago

i forgot to mention
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over 5 years ago

hello sir,

I'm studying software engineering coming 6 months internship to attend then i am studying wed designing and development

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over 8 years ago

Hi,im 15 and a junior in high school and im really interested in architecture. I am thinking of going to college to be an architect. Im currently taking drafting, physics, and algebra and trigonometry this year. next year im planning on takin engineering physicsn architectural drawing, pre-calculus, and art history, and AP art studio,and was wondering if you might recommend that i take anything else. Also if you have any information on architectural colleges that would really help, because i have no idea where to look to go to college. Thanks

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almost 9 years ago

Haii i'm 14 and really looking into Architecture i've wanted to be an Architect since the age of 8 if any one has any information that could help me please post it ty <3

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over 8 years ago

i am doing a research paper and i would love to use this website, but one question that i have been constantly looking for and cannot find, is:
what is the most common age someone would start in this career? and how long does it typically last?

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about 5 years ago

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over 5 years ago

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about 4 years ago

my aim is to become a good architect

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over 4 years ago

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over 4 years ago

i love being an architect and designing my own house love it ;)

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over 4 years ago

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over 4 years ago

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almost 5 years ago

Who is the author of this page. And just saying this helped me a lot with my reserch paper i am doing.

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almost 5 years ago

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over 5 years ago

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almost 6 years ago

hi! im adam, a 12 year old boy, and a senior in highschool!! I have absolutely no interest in architecture and I'm really dumb. I'm going nowhere in life.

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almost 5 years ago

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almost 5 years ago

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about 6 years ago

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almost 6 years ago

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about 5 years ago

Architect be not friendly to their beloved!

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over 8 years ago

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about 5 years ago

Architect be not friendly to their beloved!

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about 5 years ago

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about 5 years ago

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