Job Descriptions and Careers, Career and Job Opportunities, Career Search, and Career Choices and Profiles » Human Resources

Human Resources Manager Job Description, Career as a Human Resources Manager, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

interview compensation managers companies employees company

Education and Training: College

Salary: Median—$81,810 per year

Employment Outlook: Very good

Definition and Nature of the Work

Human resources managers manage the needs of a company's employees. They develop and manage employment programs, salary compensation and job evaluations, benefits, promotions, equal opportunity initiatives, and education and training programs. In large companies one human resources manager may be in charge of each of these areas. However, in small or medium companies the human resources manager may manage the human resources operation of the entire business.

Human resources managers must be highly qualified and experienced. There are many state and federal regulations in place to protect employees, and the manager must know and follow these regulations. If a company's hiring or promotion policies do not follow these regulations, the government may penalize it.

Human resources managers focus on people and their needs. For example, a human resources manager's responsibilities in the benefits area may extend from Human resources managers focus on people and their needs. To be effective they should be knowledgeable about all areas of human resources as well as every aspect of the company. (© G. Baden/zefa/Corbis.) researching and planning programs to processing individual benefit claims, depending on the size of the department. In addition to managing human resources programs, human resources managers usually supervise other employees.

In industries that are unionized, human resources managers deal with relations between labor and upper management. They read union contracts to help upper management comply with the terms of the contracts. They examine workers' grievances and try to help settle disagreements between labor and management.

Human resources managers' tasks can be extremely interesting and varied. They develop plans for finding applicants to fill job openings. Then they interview and, where necessary, test these applicants. These managers use their knowledge of job evaluation to fit the employees into the proper jobs. They use their knowledge of salary compensation to calculate employees' salaries and to make sure that the company's entire salary program is competitive with that of other companies. Human resources managers may also develop programs that increase employees' skills, strengthen their managerial ability, or provide career counseling.

Education and Training Requirements

Human resources managers must have excellent skills in management techniques, budgeting, counseling, business planning, and organization and systems design. They should have a knowledge of all the human resources areas, including benefits, salary compensation, employment, equal opportunity, payroll, and career planning.

Most human resources managers are college graduates. Many hold a master's degree. Because many different skills are needed, many educational backgrounds are acceptable to employers. Particularly valuable majors include those in human resources, business administration, political science, and psychology.

Getting the Job

Although employment agencies may list job openings, large companies usually fill human resources management jobs from within the company. To do the job properly, human resources managers must know every aspect of the company. This knowledge comes from experience. Classified sections of newspapers or career sites on the Internet may carry ads for these positions.

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook

In large companies human resources managers may rise to managerial or executive status. Those who work for smaller companies may have to move to other companies to advance to a higher level.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, human resources managers held 157,000 jobs in 2004. Employment of human resources managers was expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2014. More and more companies are viewing human resources departments as being crucial to the well-being of the organization and will continue to expand their human resources departments to take care of the needs of the growing workforce. Increasingly complex benefit packages and labor laws also will create a demand for more human resources managers.

Working Conditions

Human resources managers usually work in a pleasant office setting. They spend a great deal of time interviewing people, talking on the phone, and in meetings. They must work well with people. To recruit new employees or take part in conferences and seminars, they may be required to travel. Human resources managers generally work more than a forty-hour week.

Where to Go for More Information

International Personnel Management Association for Human Resources
1617 Duke St.
Alexandria, VA 22314
(703) 549-7100

Society for Human Resource Management
1800 Duke St.
Alexandria, VA 22314
(703) 548-3440

Earnings and Benefits

The median yearly salary for human resources managers was $81,810 in 2004, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The highest-paid 10 percent earned more than $118,800 per year. Salaries vary depending on the size, type, and location of the business. Benefits usually include paid holidays and vacations, health insurance, and pension plans. Some human resources managers participate in company-sponsored stock option or profit sharing plans.

Interviewer Job Description, Career as an Interviewer, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job [next] [back] Human Resources Assistant Job Description, Career as a Human Resources Assistant, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

Actually, It's more than excellent article. I wish If someone may help me to solve a dilemma.
What I can do if I am almost finishing my master degree in human resources management,But I have no experience in working as human recources manager,or even co-ordinator.
plus I am not ready to start an entry level job in human resources dept. as I have 10 years experience in sales and customer relations.

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

This was really interesting,i am studying bachelor of commerce and I'll specialize in human resource management.

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

Thank you for very useful information.Human Resource Managers are the backbone of the organisations, companies, they are the ones who make everything move well. Can make a difference!!!!

Thanks once again.


Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

actually am glad to read over your has greatly helped me because am doing a diploma course in HRM and am looking foward to a degree then a job in one of the organizations.THANKS.

Vote down Vote up

about 5 years ago

Great way to write up an article with information on the job outlook for Human Resources and recruitment - very original ;-)


Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

Hi, am looking for HR position in Kenya - Nairobi. Apparently am working as an Admin& HR Manager in one of the leading garment factory handling a large workforce which is a labour intensive.

I can be contacted on cell phone # 0721488169 or email address or

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

Great information

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

i m enjoing reading this articles!!! i m hr manager in electronics campany< and this articles help me in improving my skill, tnx for sharing!

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

thanks for then info

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

hi, this is quite impressing.i hope each and every organization would follow that the economy would have been far.keep this up and do more research!!

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago


i injoyed reading this article because it really had me thinking about become human reources manger. this article really had all the infro i need to really to do a high school career project and its going great, better than i thought so thank you soooooo much!!!!!!!!!

love a fan


Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

human resource management

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

Hi yesterday a human resource manager came in the comfort of my home (she on holidays) to investigate a matter(my husband got shock but meet with every body else in the company because i took him the very next day)in the night with her child She (HRM)has a vendetta to me personally. Now when i ask my husband what it is going,because he already agree to go to work the next day to do all the necessary paper work. He told me to come. Now when i went to meet him the HRM told me that she didn't came to see me she came to see Kevon. I told her that this is not the office this is my home so know you role she then further went on to insult me and it ended up in a big confussion before she left she said that if she want my man she could get him. is that what a HRM duty is please get back to me.

Vote down Vote up

almost 7 years ago

i'm looking forward for a job in Human Resource deptt.
This article is very imp. for me as it shows the basic job of an HR manager.
I have a request, can u people please post me some other related articles regarding the i'm in urgent need of it...

Thanking you