Epidemiologist Job Description, Career as an Epidemiologist, Salary, Employment
Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job
Education and Training: College, graduate degree, and possibly medical school
Salary: Median—$54,800 per year
Employment Outlook: Good
Definition and Nature of the Work
Epidemiologists are medical scientists who investigate and describe factors that influence the development of disease, disability, and other health outcomes. They formulate means for prevention and control. Epidemiologists focus either on research or on clinical situations.
Research epidemiologists conduct studies to determine how to wipe out or control infectious diseases. They often focus on basic research as well, determining the incidence of a particular disease in a particular part of the world, for example. They may study many different diseases, such as tuberculosis, influenza, or cholera, often focusing on epidemics. Research epidemiologists work at colleges and universities, schools of public health, medical schools, and research and development services firms.
Clinical epidemiologists work mainly as consultants in hospitals, informing medical staff of infectious outbreaks and providing ways to control the spread of infection. In addition, clinical epidemiologists are usually the ones who develop a hospital's standards and guidelines for the treatment and control of infectious diseases.
Education and Training Requirements
To become an epidemiologist, you must have at least a master's degree from a school of public health. In some cases you might need a Ph.D. or medical degree depending on the work you will do. Clinical epidemiologists or research epidemiologists who work in hospitals and health care centers often must have a medical degree with specific training in infectious diseases. You will need to be a licensed physician (that is, you must have passed licensing examinations) if you are going to administer drugs in clinical trials. Epidemiologists who are not licensed physicians frequently work closely with those who are.
Getting the Job
The placement offices of medical and graduate schools will have information on available positions. Qualified individuals can also contact research facilities directly to inquire about research openings.
Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook
After gaining experience in epidemiology, individuals can become supervisors of epidemiology departments or directors of research facilities.
Opportunities in epidemiology are highly competitive because the number of available positions is limited. However, some new positions are being added in hospitals and health care centers. Epidemiologists are also needed to investigate outbreaks of new infectious diseases and diseases associated with bioterrorism.
Epidemiologists generally work in clean, well-lighted offices and laboratories. In addition to hospitals, epidemiologists work in colleges and universities, schools of public health, medical schools, and research and development services firms. Many work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia, or for other government agencies. A forty-hour, five-day week is the standard; however, a flexible schedule is often required.
Earnings and Benefits
Earnings vary depending on the type of employer and the experience and qualifications of the epidemiologist. Median annual earnings of epidemiologists were $54,800 in 2004. Epidemiologists are usually provided with medical insurance, paid vacations and holidays, and retirement plans.
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