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Oncologist Job Description, Career as a Oncologist, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

oncologists medical cancer oncology

Education and Training:— Advanced degree, specialized training

Salary: Median— $257,000 annually

Employment Outlook:— Good

Physicians who inspect, diagnose, and treat cancerous tumors are known as oncologists. They may be specialists in the field of medical oncology, gynecological oncology, pediatric oncology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, or hematology. Medical oncologists use chemotherapeutic or medical methods to treat cancer. Gynecological oncologists treat cancer that affects female reproductive organs. Pediatric oncologists specialize in the treatment of cancer in children. Radiation oncologists use radiation treatment to treat cancer. Surgical oncologists treat cancer through surgical methods, while hematologists deal with malignancies of blood-forming tissues and blood like leukemia.

Education and Training Requirements

Candidates who wish to become oncologists must first obtain their Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree from an accredited 4-year medical school and then undertake specialized training. One can opt for a pre-med course or study subjects like biology, organic chemistry, and advanced math at the college level. Medical schools are very selective when it comes to accepting students and good scores are required in the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT). Once they are accepted by medical schools, candidates have to pass the first 2 stages of the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) before they start their residencies.

After getting the MD degree, doctors must complete a residency program approved by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and pass the third stage of the USMLE. Residency programs generally last for 2 to 4 years. After this, they must complete graduate education in a specialty. Following completion of the fellowship, oncologists can apply for board certification or undertake further training in sub-specialties like pediatric oncology and hematology. Separate licenses are required for those who wish to practice in these sub-specialties.

Getting the Job

Qualified doctors do not find it difficult to get a job after completing their courses. Studies reveal that beginners are more likely to start their careers by working at hospitals, clinics, or networks of healthcare facilities rather than setting up a private practice. Later in the careers, oncologists may establish their own clinics.

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook

Doctors who display superior communication and leadership qualities advance to supervisory or managerial positions in hospitals and health networks. Those who start their own practices take on entrepreneurial roles and employ staff according to their needs. Some doctors join medical schools as faculty, and can gradually move into administrative roles.

Job opportunities for oncologists are expected to increase by 14% in the next ten years. This rate is higher than the average growth rate of all occupations. The development of medical technologies will increase the demand for oncologists who are familiar with the latest developments. In addition, the growth in population will augment the need for trained oncologists.

Working Conditions

Most oncologists work in clean and sterilized environments like clinics, hospitals, or healthcare centers. They often have to work for long hours. Oncologists who are part of a health network may enjoy more structured work hours than private practitioners. However, the internship period for doctors is particularly strenuous and interns have to work in rotating shifts.

Where to Go for More Information

Association for International Cancer Research
http://www.aicr.org.uk/

American Society for Clinical Oncology
2318 Mill Road, Suite 800
Alexandria, VA 22314
http://www.asco.org/

Association of American Medical Colleges
2450 N St. NW., Washington, DC
http://www.aamc.org/

National Cancer Institute
6116 Executive Boulevard
Room 3036A
Bethesda, MD 20892-8322
http://www.cancer.gov/

American Cancer Society
1599 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA
http://www.cancer.org/docroot/home/index.asp

Association of Oncology Social Work
100 North 20th St., 4th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
http://www.aosw.org/index.php

The Oncologist Journal
http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/

Salary, Earnings and Benefits

According to data published in April 2009, the median annual salary of oncologists in the United States is $263,282. Entry level salaries are likely to be around $198,000 in the first two years of practice. Oncologists with over 3 years of experience report average annual salaries of $257,000. The highest paid oncologists earn around $455,000 every year.

Oncologists in salaried jobs enjoy benefits like health and life insurance, retirement plans, sick leaves, and paid vacations. Private practitioners, on the other hand, do not have access to such benefits.

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technician Job Description, Career as an Ophthalmic Laboratory Technician, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job [next] [back] Oncological Nurse Job Description, Career as a Oncological Nurse, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

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over 4 years ago

My grandmother fought a tough battle against cancer and won.She inspired me and is one of the reasons I want to study oncology.This site really gave me all the info i basically need:)
thanx xoxo

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almost 6 years ago

I'm a 15 year old girl who was diagnosed with lukemia when I was 2. I have been cancer free for 9 years now, and I have already started my training to work in the oncology feild.

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about 4 years ago

I'm i6 years old and was diagnosed with leukemia when I was in 1st grade. I'm in my second round of remission. I want to become a pediatric oncologist so I can help other kids who are going through the same stuff I went through.

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almost 5 years ago

I am 15 years old and almost my whole life I have always wanted to be a Doctor. Just the thought of being able to help those in need is wonderful and a perfect job. I never knew what kind of Doctor I wanted to be until this this site . It really inspired me so I would love to give out a big thanks!

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almost 5 years ago

My best friend was diagnosed with cancer. He's got no hope for a recovery. He's inspired me to enter the field of Oncology. He's my inspiration, and it breaks me to see him leave.

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over 5 years ago

My mom was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2007 and then it passed on to her bones, liver, and finally the brain. The doctors did what they could to save her but God decided it was time for her to go. She passed away on January 27, 2011. My mom was a true warrior and inspired me to become and oncologist. Thanks for the information, it helped me look into this career.

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over 3 years ago

Hey, so I'm 15 and a sophomore in high school.All my life I have wanted to go into the medical feild, but didn't know what area. Well, I was working on a occupational research paper for my english class and decided that i wanted to be a ultrasound tech. Well, while working on it I was chatting with a girl in my english class and she told me she wanted to be an oncologist and we got to talking and come to find out she has cancer. Well, when we were talking I realized that Oncology would be something i would like. Even though it is alot of schooling i think it would be totally worth it. I'm someone who want to go into the field to save lives not for just the money. I want to save lives and make a diffrence in peoples lives. It brings tears to my eyes just thinking about the fact that I could save someone from dying and make a diffrence in their lives. I know I will not be able to save everyone, but i would do everything in my power to. I still haven't completly decided what I want to do yet, but I am really leaning toward this. Can anyone tell me any good collages for this located in Alabama or Mississippi??

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about 6 years ago

thankyou for your help, i would like to be an Oncologist and i am a female by the way. helped so much :)

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over 5 years ago

Hey , im Ashley Goodson . I'm a senior at Smiths Station High School , in Alabama . Ever since I was was a little girl I've always wanted to go into oncology . I've never had cancer nor do any of my close relitives . thanks to this site i've learned lots more bout oncology ! (:

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over 4 years ago

hi, my name is sienna, my 1 year old sister had all (acute lymphoblastic lucimia). her sickness made me think about everyone who gets cancer that are very young. i knew i had to do something to help.

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almost 6 years ago

the information on this site is very useful. I plan on being a Pediatric Hematologist/Oncologist. It has impacted my life so much. I truly appreciate the information. Thank You.

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about 6 years ago

hi i want to be an oncologist and need to ask a question about it

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about 6 years ago

thank yu! helped so much!

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over 5 years ago

wow thanks im only 12 years old, & this is great i cant wait to grow up & be an oncologist w/ this useful information. (:

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about 4 years ago

I'm i6 years old and was diagnosed with leukemia when I was in 1st grade. I'm in my second round of remission. I want to become a pediatric oncologist so I can help other kids who are going through the same stuff I went through.

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about 4 years ago

I'm i6 years old and was diagnosed with leukemia when I was in 1st grade. I'm in my second round of remission. I want to become a pediatric oncologist so I can help other kids who are going through the same stuff I went through.

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about 4 years ago

I'm i6 years old and was diagnosed with leukemia when I was in 1st grade. I'm in my second round of remission. I want to become a pediatric oncologist so I can help other kids who are going through the same stuff I went through.

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almost 5 years ago

Oncology here i go!

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about 5 years ago

this is such a good site it is absolutely wonderful <3

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over 5 years ago

I have one question want to become an oncologist, but I also want to do surgeries. would I be able to do both?

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about 1 year ago

hi i am a 14 year old girl and my cousin Toni Jordan was diagnosed with stage four acute myeloid leukemia and now she is 7 years old and has been 3 years cancer free. this has made me want to be an oncologist to help people.

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over 1 year ago

I'm 14 and at the age of 12 my dad died of adnexel carsinoma. This cancer is super rare and only Cleveland Clinic had a treatment option for it. I now want to become an oncology doctor so no one else has to lose a parent that young.

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over 1 year ago

Im a 15 year old girl and my grandma was recently diagnosed with larynx caner and I've always knew i wanted to be something to deal with children but about a year ago i started considering the medical field since my grandma was diagnosed i have done a lot a research on being an oncologists and know i know i can still work with kids and study cancer.

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almost 2 years ago

Hi I have always wanted to be in the medical field since I was around 11 years old I am now 14, but when I was 13 I decided that Oncology is what I want to study to become an Oncologist. Reading these comments ave really opened my mind to now really want follow my dreams and help save lives. I just wanted to say thank you so much to this website you have helped me.

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over 2 years ago

this site gave me all the info I need. I want to become a pediatric oncologist!!! :)

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almost 4 years ago

Its Very helpful.

please send more information regarding surgical oncology in Canada With name of universiy.

THNAK YOU !

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about 4 years ago

My grandmother was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2007 and it recently came back in 2012. my mother was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2008. thought my grandmother is still fighting i am proud of both of my survivors and they are my inspiration. i am currently in college and i plan to become an surigcal oncologist

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about 4 years ago

sorry about all the extras my enter button got stuck

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about 4 years ago

sorry about all the extras my enter button got stuck

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over 5 years ago

I have one question want to become an oncologist, but I also want to do surgeries. would I be able to do both?

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over 5 years ago

how many years of college plus training do you need to become an oncologist? In this way,how many years is it after high school?

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about 5 years ago

@Mikala...I am really glad for you & hope you lead a long healthy life..I recommend that you disregard radiation oncology to avoid the possibility of recurrence,radiation overexposure being itself a risk factor for malignancy.good luck my colleague

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about 5 years ago

hey, i am 15 and i have allways wanted to work with childern and save lives this site help me realize this is what i want for my life.

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over 5 years ago

Hey , im Ashley Goodson . I'm a senior at Smiths Station High School , in Alabama . Ever since I was was a little girl I've always wanted to go into oncology . I've never had cancer nor do any of my close relitives . thanks to this site i've learned lots more bout oncology ! (:

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over 5 years ago

thx for this awesome website it helped me ith something fro school!!!! THX

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over 5 years ago

heyyyyyy im 14 and one of my best friends ever has a rare cancer:( she has inspired me to help others with cancer esspecially after discovering she has another tumor but shes strong so i think she`ll make it through this. ~pray for natalie~

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over 5 years ago

how many years of college plus training do you need to become an oncologist? In this way,how many years is it after high school?

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about 3 years ago

this website was very helpful and im using it in my report

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about 4 years ago

im 13 years old and diagnosed with cancer and im scared to go into surgury next week does anybody make it through surgury for cancer

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about 4 years ago

I'm i6 years old and was diagnosed with leukemia when I was in 1st grade. I'm in my second round of remission. I want to become a pediatric oncologist so I can help other kids who are going through the same stuff I went through.

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about 5 years ago

who is responsible for writing the prescriptions for a Lung Cancer Patient the Pc or the Oncologist??
Thank you for your time.

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about 4 years ago

I'm i6 years old and was diagnosed with leukemia when I was in 1st grade. I'm in my second round of remission. I want to become a pediatric oncologist so I can help other kids who are going through the same stuff I went through.

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over 5 years ago

Im Adriana im graduating hight May 18, 2012. I plan to attend college and become a physican. Medical Oncolgoist. I know this career is best for me because im determine to save lives, and if i dont i know i will try my best. Im a hardworking and a very well minded individual.

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over 5 years ago

wow i would love to persue this career it's amazeing. And just the though of takeing care of little children with cancer is wonderful knowing that you will be saveing their lives one day. the reason i want this career is because my brother had cancer of the age of 3 and passed away because the doctor gave him to much medicine and he would of survived because my sister was his blood type but his life was ended so quickly ! :(

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over 5 years ago

hey gurl they make amd money!~1!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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about 6 years ago

hello