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Dairy Farmer Job Description, Career as a Dairy Farmer, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

income farmers cows farms milk

Education and Training: Varies—see profile

Salary: Varies—see profile

Employment Outlook: Poor

Definition and Nature of the Work

Dairy farmers breed and raise cows and supply milk to the milk and milk products industries. Dairy farmers usually own their herds and the farmland. Although most dairy farms are owned and operated by families, some milk comes from very large farms owned by corporations and operated by farm managers and dairy production technicians.

Some farmers employ hired hands to share the work. Dairy farmers work long hours every day of the year. They rise early to milk and feed the cows. First the cows' udders are washed to ensure the purity of the milk. On most farms the cows are milked by machines twice a day, in the morning and evening. The cows are usually let out to graze in the morning and brought back at night in time for milking. In addition to milking chores, farmers must keep barns and pens clean and farm buildings and equipment in good condition. Farmers obtain medical attention for animals that need it.

Many farmers grow the feed for their cows. Cows are fed hay, grain, and other kinds of feed. Because feed is expensive, farmers ration it carefully. Farmers keep careful records on each cow so they can measure the cost of keeping it against the income produced. Cows that have the potential for producing more milk are given larger amounts of feed. Cows whose milk production is decreasing receive less food and are eventually sold for meat.

Large dairy farms process and package the milk on the farm. Dairy farmers also sell their milk through farmers' cooperatives.

A dairy farmer milks his cows with a milking machine. (© Macduff Everton/Corbis.)

Education and Training Requirements

To be a success in the dairy farming business, farmers need a good understanding of livestock and crop production, business practices, and management techniques. Growing up or working on a farm is good preparation. A formal college education is important. Two-year and four-year colleges offer courses in livestock production and business administration.

Getting the Job

To start a farm, prospective farmers must have or be able to borrow a great deal of money. College placement offices or professors may be able to offer job placement assistance or leads.

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook

Dairy farmers may increase the size of their operation in order to add to their earning potential. Hired hands may become farm managers or start their own farms.

In the future there will be fewer dairy farms, and those farms will have larger herds. The larger farms will need college-trained farm managers and technicians. However, ambitious farmers who want to start their own dairy farms should be able to do so with only one hundred or two hundred acres. They will have a better chance for success than crop farmers whose crops require thousands of acres.

Working Conditions

Dairy farmers work long hours. Cows must be milked and fed every day of the year. Farmers who employ laborers may be able to take days off and allow their workers to handle the daily chores. In addition, many farmers are involved in crop production in order to provide feed for their cows. Unlike many other farmers, dairy farmers generally earn a steady income all year.

Where to Go for More Information

American Dairy Association
10255 West Higgins Rd., Ste. 900
Rosemont, IL 60018-5616
(800) 853-2479
http://www.dairyinfo.com

Milk Industry Foundation
1250 H St. NW, Ste. 900
Washington, DC 20005
(202) 737-4332
http://www.idfa.org

Earnings and Benefits

Earnings vary depending on location, investment, and size of the farm. The annual income of farmers fluctuates from year to year depending on weather conditions and other factors that influence the production on the farm. Income also varies depending on the size of the landholding and the type of operation. Large farms generally provide higher profits than small farms. Most farmers usually have income from nonfarm sources. Self-employed farmers must provide their own benefits, such as insurance and retirement plans.

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almost 3 years ago

I am 18 years old, bound & determined to restart the family farm. I am from Wisconsin, so naturally it's a dairy. I plan on going to the local tech for Farm Operations this coming fall and maybe Dairy Management afterwards. Does this sound about right for starting a farm?? And does anyone know where I might be able to get some farm experience??

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over 3 years ago

I want to get training in any big dairy firm in canada

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about 4 years ago

sir i am from Nepal i want dary farm at your institution so i wait your responsible reply
Your sincerely
Nirbhaya Thapa

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almost 4 years ago

Att :
.

I can supply the workers you are seeking for Job order . Asta fully certified and registered farm worker contractor, I represent several hundred experienced farm workers from Haiti who can qualify to work in the Untied States under the H-2A visa program.My company is the International Employment Agency of Society Estiverne, Inc (IEASE).

Bond number: LSM0188682
DCA License number: 1350137 /
EIN: 27-0872878
Farm Labor Certification Number: C-03-872878 K-14-R
Employer ID#:NY010054458

Haiti re-qualified in January 2012 as one of the 58 countries eligible for H2A and H2B visas. The Haitians I represent all strong, experienced farm workers ages 22 to 45. I will need 30 days to process all the paperwork and have the workers ready, so I hope you will contact me soon.

Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to receiving a favorable response.

Sincerely yours,

Louis Estiverne

Director/ Founder

INTERNATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AGENCY OF THE SOCIETY ESTIVERNE, INC.
Recruiting Nationally and Internationally for the Service and Agricultural Industries
55 Prospect Park SW, Brooklyn, New York 11215, Phone 1-718-440-1101
7, Rue Bellevue, Pacot, Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, Phone 011 509 3108-6588
E-mail: internationalEASE@gmail.com


Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

Att :
.

I can supply the workers you are seeking for Job order . Asta fully certified and registered farm worker contractor, I represent several hundred experienced farm workers from Haiti who can qualify to work in the Untied States under the H-2A visa program.My company is the International Employment Agency of Society Estiverne, Inc (IEASE).

Bond number: LSM0188682
DCA License number: 1350137 /
EIN: 27-0872878
Farm Labor Certification Number: C-03-872878 K-14-R
Employer ID#:NY010054458

Haiti re-qualified in January 2012 as one of the 58 countries eligible for H2A and H2B visas. The Haitians I represent all strong, experienced farm workers ages 22 to 45. I will need 30 days to process all the paperwork and have the workers ready, so I hope you will contact me soon.

Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to receiving a favorable response.

Sincerely yours,

Louis Estiverne

Director/ Founder

INTERNATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AGENCY OF THE SOCIETY ESTIVERNE, INC.
Recruiting Nationally and Internationally for the Service and Agricultural Industries
55 Prospect Park SW, Brooklyn, New York 11215, Phone 1-718-440-1101
7, Rue Bellevue, Pacot, Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, Phone 011 509 3108-6588
E-mail: internationalEASE@gmail.com


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6 months ago

china ftw