Job Descriptions and Careers, Career and Job Opportunities, Career Search, and Career Choices and Profiles » Agribusiness, Environment, and Natural Resources

Poultry Farmer Job Description, Career as a Poultry Farmer, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

income farmers farms eggs production

Education and Training: Varies—see profile

Salary: Varies—see profile

Employment Outlook: Poor

Definition and Nature of the Work

Most of the nation's eggs, chickens, turkeys, and ducks come from farms that specialize in poultry production. The majority of these farms are located in the East and in California. Many are owned and operated by individual farmers and their families. Some poultry farms are owned by private corporations and are usually managed by experienced farmers. Sometimes these farms are run by technicians who have learned about poultry farming through on-the-job training and formal schooling. Poultry farms often specialize in particular areas of poultry production. Some farms are mainly concerned with egg production. Other farms produce poultry that is sold as meat. Poultry farms may also specialize in breeding and selling chickens that are good egg layers.

On large farms farmers or farm managers may spend most of their time supervising workers. On smaller farms farmers and their families do much of the work themselves. Some poultry farmers work under contract. They may receive chicks, feed, and technical advice from an investment company or its agents. In return for their labor and the use of their farms, poultry farmers are paid a set price for the broilers (meat chickens) and the eggs they produce. Others sell their broilers and eggs on the open market.

Poultry farmers who raise their own chickens for eggs sell the eggs to consumers or food processing companies. Farmers collect the eggs soon after they have been laid. The eggs are then put into racks on conveyor belts, which take them through automatic washers. Each egg is then candled, or held against a strong light to see if it is fit to be sold. The eggs are then rolled down ramps onto small machines that automatically sort them according to size. Farmers then put the eggs into cartons and refrigerate them.

Some eggs are hatched instead of sold. Although some farmers still hatch eggs by leaving them under a hen, most use machines called incubators. Incubators keep trays of eggs warm and moist until the eggs hatch. Poultry farmers carefully watch the thermostats and gauges on incubators to make sure that these machines keep the eggs at the proper temperature. When the eggs hatch, farmers put the chicks into trays where they are kept warm for a few more days.

Poultry farming is often a job for the whole family. (USDA.)

Most poultry farmers have machines that feed their birds and clean beneath the cages. Usually these machines consist of feed blowers and conveyor belts. Since most poultry houses are crowded, disease can spread quickly. For this reason, farmers inspect their flocks every day. Farmers are also careful to call a veterinarian as soon as an illness develops among their birds. Farmers usually keep records of the amount of feed eaten and the number of eggs produced. By doing so, they can keep track of expenses and income. These records also help them to select poultry for breeding.

Education and Training Requirements

To be a successful poultry farmer, one needs a working understanding of poultry production, business practices, and management techniques. One way to get the knowledge needed is to take a job as a farm worker on a poultry farm. Part-time and summer jobs in the poultry industry are often available to high school and college students. Work experience can give candidates the background needed to become a farm manager or to run one's own farm. Valuable training in poultry production is also available from high schools, technical institutes, and colleges. Some two-year colleges offer programs leading to an associate degree in poultry production and related subjects. Students who plan to manage farms should take courses in accounting, business management, and economics.

Getting the Job

To start a poultry farm, an individual must have or be able to borrow a great deal of money. If a person's parents or relatives own a farm, he or she may be able to make arrangements to operate it when they retire. Another way to get into the field is to start as a technician or laborer on someone else's farm. If a prospective farmer attends a school for formal training, the placement office or teachers may know of openings. Candidates should also check newspaper want ads and the state employment office.

Advancement Possibilities and Employment Outlook

Poultry farmers may increase the size of their farms in order to add to their earning potential. Workers on poultry farms may become farm managers or start their own farms. Some go into related areas of work, such as poultry inspection for government agencies.

The financial risks are high in poultry farming. Farmers must invest a great deal of money. Moreover, the profit margin is small. In general, the chances for success are best for those who obtain the backing of an investment group.

Increasing productivity is expected to contribute to the decline of poultry farmers through the year 2012, despite the high demand for poultry and eggs. Most job openings will result when farmers retire or leave the field.

Working Conditions

Poultry farmers set their own hours, which depend on the size of the farm and the number of laborers they employ. Poultry farmers who run small farms and do much of the work themselves must work seven days a week. Farmers who operate large farms and employ many laborers can set fairly regular hours for themselves.

Poultry farms are usually noisy and dusty. Buildings in which poultry are kept often have unpleasant smells. However, modern machinery has relieved farmers of most of the hard physical labor.

Where to Go for More Information

American Poultry Association
5757 West Fork Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45247
(513) 598-4337
http://www.amerpoultryassn.com

Earnings and Benefits

Earnings of poultry farmers greatly depend on the size of their operation and their investment. The average net income of poultry farmers can vary from $13,900 per year to $20,000 or more per year. Poultry farmers who own their own farms can do very well when their stock is healthy and market prices are high. Self-employed poultry farmers must provide their own benefits.

Vegetable Farmer Job Description, Career as a Vegetable Farmer, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job [next] [back] Livestock Farmer Job Description, Career as a Livestock Farmer, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

Good information for the people who are interested in poultry farming

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

cooper chichen farms---what is there pay scale ....

Vote down Vote up

over 8 years ago

Thanks again, your website really helped :)

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

I am bangladeshi.iI need a job offerletter(farm/agricuture etc.

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

Waooh...!

I'm a small-scale poultry farmer. I really appreciate the lecture, and sure I would be visiting this site often.

Many THANKS.

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

more knowledge about poultry pls

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

I WOULD BE PLEASED IF VACANCIES IN THE FARMS[OHIO] ARE SENT TO ME.

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

This a lecture, i really want to start by been a laborer.So, the problem is i have not seen poultry job around my resident philadelphia.

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

I am beginer pls assist me to learn more.

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

i was wondering how i can get started on a poultry farm i am 19 years old i wont to start a farm i have away lived on a cattle farm now i wont ot get into chickens and how much does it cost to get started and i am from waynesboro tn thanks if you can let me no how to get into it ...

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

i m salesman in a local poultry pharma, i need a job in multinational company, (M.A Economics) i can give good business in pakistan, Balochistan, Afghanistan. is there some one need my help?

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

i m working in poultry ind. from last 15 year as sales person in maharashtra
i want gob

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

To whom It may Concen

August, 2012
My name is Louis Estiverne and I am the founding director of International
Employment Agency of Society Estiverne, Inc (IEASE).
As an entrepreneur and contractor since 2009, I am looking for contracts with
Companies in different sectors. I am especially interested in housekeeping,
maintenance, construction, hotel chains, hospital and other agencies that are
interested in working with contractors to provide work to individuals that are
Qualified to work in the United States for U.S. Immigration H2A, H2B and H1B visas.

Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to receiving a favorable
response from you.

Director/ Founder of International Employment Agency of Society Estiverne, Inc
(IEASE) & Farm Labor contractor

Sincerely Yours,
Louis Estiverne



.

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

149cm 45kls

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

more knowledge about poultry please

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

i am poultry (veterinary)doctor having 30 yrs exp in poultry .please reply

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago


Being one of the EMU farmers and consultants in India from Madhya Pradesh has achieved expertise in almost all sections of trade, including site selection, designing, construction and technical supervision of Emu Farms and Hatchery operations.
http://tonyemufarm.com/

Emu Farming Consultant Services,emu eggs supplier india, Emufarm eggs, emuindia,Emu Oil benefits,emu oil ,emu oil for haircare, emu oil for joint pain,emu oil uses,emu oil for back pain ,emu oil hair regrowth,emu oil sales ,pure emu oil,emu oil for arthritis,emu oil in india,emu oil for psoriasis, emu oil sales in india,emu oil for skin,emu oil for dry skin,emu oil for acne,emu oil for eczema,profitable business, emu service,emu industry,emu,emu Products, emu eggs, emu meat, emu na...u pictures, emu marketing, emu export,emu exporters in india,emu experts,emu hatching,emu hatching eggs,emu leather,emu fathers,emu leather products,emu leather products, emu leather exporters,emu training, expertise emu training ,emu height,emu weight,emu exporters in Vijayawada,emu exporters in India,emu diseases.

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

To whom It may Concen

August, 2012
My name is Louis Estiverne and I am the founding director of International
Employment Agency of Society Estiverne, Inc (IEASE).
As an entrepreneur and contractor since 2009, I am looking for contracts with
Companies in different sector. I am especially interested in housekeeping,
maintenance, construction, hotel chains, hospital and other agencies that are
interested in working with contractors to provide work to individuals that are
Qualified to work in the United States for U.S. Immigration, H2A,, H2B and H1B visas.

Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to receiving a favorable
response from you.

Director/ Founder of International Employment Agency of Society Estiverne, Inc
(IEASE) & Farm Labor contractor

Sincerely Yours,
Louis Estiverne

Vote down Vote up

about 5 years ago

dears i need an experienced poultry worker of chinese nationality to emloy in the north of iran. please show me how ican find one

Vote down Vote up

about 5 years ago

To Whom It May Concern:

Dear Sir or Madam:

The International Employment Agency of the Society Estiverne Inc. is a farm labor contracting company based in New York City that handles the placement of H2A & H2B workers from Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The company's CEO Louis Estiverne has years of experience in agricultural work and owns several mangoes and coffee farms in Haiti's Central Plateau.
Although we are new to the business of farm labor contracting, we are not new to the business world. Our extensive experience in farming has taught us what growers expect of their laborers: to be legal, dependable, motivated, experienced, and trained.
While we understand that most established farms already draw from larger H2A & H2B competitors who primarily import workers from other countries, we urge you to consider working with our Haitian agricultural laborers who are already residing in the United States as well as those living in Haiti who have the proper immigration qualification to work in the United States. Many of these workers are trained to do both farm work and housekeeping work both in Haiti and in the United States. The recent earthquake in Haiti has overwhelmed an already impoverished country, and the situation for most of these workers is dismal. These people have lived and worked as farmers for most of their lives, and you can be assured that they will be extremely grateful for an opportunity to work in the United States.
Our company is competent, dedicated, and organized. We are familiar with all of the paperwork associated with the H2A program, and can save you the effort of handling the legal and compliance issues involved in obtaining work visas, etc.
If you have any position available for seasonal agricultural work or housekeeping work, we would love to do business with you. We look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience.
Best regards,

Louis Estiverne
Director / Founder

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

I am beginer pls assist me to learn mor

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

Am a student of university of portharcourt nigeria studing Biomedical technology dis site is very educative i believe dat dis site have throw throw more light in my seminar presentation

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

ughhhh.... this site sucks

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

this is a good site

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

had a nice lecture for free
.........thanks a lot...........

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

had a nice lecture for free
.........thanks a lot...........

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

hello, I was lookin for a job. Now i work for a chicken farm i am lookin to move for a better job . I have been at the same place for the last 11 years .. please give me a call at 478 331 8633

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

Dear Sirs/Madame,



I have a plan to start a chicken farm in the new future. When I looked at your website, I understand that you deal with chicken farms at a begger scale. Can you please provide me your advise as I am a beginner in this area. I am also looking for a business partner in this area.

Thank you and God bless America



Elias

Vote down Vote up

about 6 years ago

hi,this site is realy informative.

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

hi,,,i saw this add through web,,,i would like to start my career,,,i had my own chicken shop for 3 years,,,if is it enough,,,let me know i will forward my cv.......thank you

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

what education requirements do i need to be a fieldman

Vote down Vote up

over 6 years ago

Wish to work in a poultry farm. I am a Cameroonian studying Biochemistry at the university of buea. I have done poultry business for two years. Thanks. "+23774678213"

Vote down Vote up

over 8 years ago

thanks,your website is very educative

Vote down Vote up

over 8 years ago

Thanks, from your website i got more information about poultry.